Princeton University

Computer Science 510
Programming Languages
Andrew Appel

Spring 2023

General Information       Schedule       Policies
Summary: A hands-on introduction to the use of formal methods for reasoning about software, and for specifying and reasoning about programming languages. Students will use an interactive proof assistant to learn about logic and its applications to proofs of program correctness, to operational and axiomatic semantics of programming languages, and to type systems. Also, an introduction to functional programming languages.

Administrative Information

Lectures: MW 1:30-2:50, Room: CS 105
Labs: Thursday or Friday, time and place to be arranged

Professor: Andrew Appel - CS Building, room 209.
To make an appointment to see me, just ask me after class, or e-mail.

Teaching Assistant: Josh Cohen -- CS Building, room 244

Use Ed for homework questions. You can also come to Lab hours.

Textbooks: Our main texts will be Software Foundations (Volumes 1 and 2 by Pierce et al., Volumes 3 and 5 by Appel et al.), available free online. (Use the link here, not the Software Foundations home page, to make sure you get the version in sync with this semester's course.) You can download the whole thing: sf.tgz. Unpack with tar xfz sf.tgz and you'll have,

We will use the Coq Reference Manual and the Coq Standard Library

We will use the Objective Caml manual.

Other required reading (later in the semester):

Dafny tutorials, by Rustan Leino and others, 2011-2023.

Boolean Satisfiability Solvers: Techniques and Extensions by G. Weissenbacher and S. Malik, in Tools for Analysis and Verification of Software Safety and Security, T. Nipkow, O. Grumberg, B. Hauptmann, G. Kalus, editors, IOS Press, NATO Science for Peace and Security Series, Spring 2012.

Software: We will use the following software.

The Coq theorem prover, version 8.16.1. Installation instructions here with quick summary as follows:
Installation: Coq Platform 2022.09.1 Use one of the "Recommended binary installers" for your own computer (Windows, macOS, or Linux). I recommend the "full level" install PLUS the following two optional packages: CompCert (coq-compcert.3.11) and VST (coq-vst.2.11.1).

The OCaml dialect of the ML programming language.
Very possibly the Coq Platform installation (see above) will install ocaml for you as well.