John Zedlewski, Sumeet Sobti, Nitin Garg, Fengzhou Zheng, Arvind Krishnamurthy, and Randolph Wang. Modeling Hard-Disk Power Consumption. Proc. Second Conference on File and Storage Technologies. March 2003.
Excessive power consumption is a major barrier to the market acceptance of hard disks in mobile electronic devices. Studying and reducing power consumption, however, often involves running time-intensive disk traces on real hardware with specialized power-monitoring equipment. This paper presents Dempsey, a disk simulation environment that includes accurate modeling of disk power consum ption. It includes tools to automatically extract performance and power consumption parameters from a given disk drive, without needing detailed specifications from the manufacturer. The tools use stimulus-based measurements to extract these parameters. Dempsey is experimentally validated for two mobile hard disks, namely, the 1 GB IBM Microdrive and the 5 GB Toshiba Type II PC Card HDD. In the worst observed case, Dempsey's estimate of power consumption differs from the measured consumption by 7.5%. This demonstrates that disk power consumption can be simulated both efficiently and accurately.