"Key Differences between HTTP/1.0 and HTTP/1.1"
Balachander Krishnamurthy, Jeffrey C. Mogul, and David M. Kristol.
"Flash: An efficient and portable Web server"
Vivek S. Pai, Peter Druschel, Willy Zwaenepoel
And, the mother of all papers in this field is basically the
"RFC", which clocks in at 176 pages.