Every student has an email address firstname.lastname@example.org, where username is the name you used to log into Windows and Unix. Using pine, you can read all of the mail sent to that address (as well as email@example.com) and send mail to others across the world.
If you opened pine correctly, you should now see a menu with options to compose messages, view messages in current folder and view a list of folders.
In the top right corner, you should see the name of the currently open folder and how many messages it holds. At first, this should be INBOX, which lets you check all of your new mail. Later, you can make your own folders to organize old messages from different senders.
Because we are still in Unix, you will need to use arrow keys and keyboard commands to navigate Pine. Do not try to use the mouse.
Using the arrow keys, select "Folder Index" and press Enter (or just press "I") to see an index of current email messages.
Even if you have never used email before, there should be at least one message in your INBOX. Using the arrow keys, select the message you would like to read and hit Enter to read it. Notice that many of the available commands are listed at the bottom of the screen. We've explained a few below:
There are many other useful options, but you can probably discover them on your own with questions and experimentation.
Now you will send a message to a classmate with pine. The process is pretty self-explanatory, but we'll help you through it this first time.
While you were composing, you may have noticed that the commands at the bottom of the screen looked like this:
The carat (^) is another way of saying Ctrl. Thus, ^X is equivalent to Ctrl-X. All of these commands use Ctrl because you need letters like "x" and "c" for your message text.IMPORTANT: Keep your telnet window open (minimized if you prefer) until the end of the lab when we will ask you to submit one of your messages. When you DO close the window, be sure to exit pine first by typing "Q". If you do not do this, the pine program will crash and create a large useless file in your directory. After you've exited pine you should also log out of unix by typing "logout", though this is not as crucial.
Now leave your telnet window open, but switch back to Netscape for a moment.
Netscape also has a mail reader which you can access directly on your computer. Most students do not use it to read and save email because it stores messages on the computer you are using rather than on your Unix account. This means that you must use the same computer again if you wish to reread those messages. Pine, on the other hand, uses the same files no matter where you run it, so you can use it to check your email from anywhere on campus.
Yet, while this makes pine more suitable for reading and saving mail, it also takes more time to start, so it may not be the best option for short, quick messages. For this, we can use the "New | Message" option in Netscape.
First, you must tell Netscape who you are so that it knows who to send the email from. It may also be necessary to make sure that the mail server is setup correctly.
It is true that you may fool Netscape by typing in a false identity, but be aware that because you are logged in to Windows NT, your messages are still traceable. It may seem fun to forge a funny email from another student, but it will get back to you eventually.
Now that your identity is set, you are ready to send a message.
Later in this lab, you should notice that your email message has shown up in your pine mailbox. If you leave pine open, the computer will usually beep when this happens. For now, let's go on to learn how to send more than mail over the network.
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