Haptics is the combined senses of Kinesthetic and Tactile senses.
These in turn have sub-senses (heat, vibration, pressure for Taction, for example).

Reaction times:

Visual: .15 sec

Auditory: .12 sec

Tactile: .10 sec


How do you know where your hand is?


Force-reflecting teleoperation (GE in the '60s):






Virtual haptics in the '90s:

Massie's Phantom Ruspini's Cat

Some recent products:

Sensable Technologies

Immersion andLogitech

Virtex gloves

Intuitive Surgical

The Haptics Community Photo Gallery